On May 28, 2020, the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) issued its final rule amending the definition of a “small manufacturer” under section 8(a) of the amended Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). As a result of the change, some manufacturers and importers who were previously subject to Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) requirements under the current definition will be exempt or subject to reduced reporting requirements under the new rule. The amended definition comes shortly before the reporting period for 2020 CDR submissions opens on June 1, 2020. We have previously covered a number of other key changes US EPA has made to the information that chemical manufacturers and importers must submit to the agency pursuant to the CDR rule. Continue Reading
On May 19, 2020, OSHA issued two updated memorandums to regional administrators and state plan designees. The first updated the agency’s enforcement guidance for recording COVID-19 cases in the workplace. As we discussed here, OSHA originally indicated on April 10, 2020 that it would be exercising “enforcement discretion” and focusing COVID-19 recordkeeping requirements in the healthcare, emergency response, and correctional institution fields only—except where there was objective evidence reasonably available to an employer that a COVID-19 case was work-related. The aim was to allow vital COVID-19 response resources to be allocated elsewhere. Continue Reading
Given the current economic stressors affecting the fossil fuel industry, there is growing political interest in investment policies that financial institutions are applying to that industry. On May 7, Republican lawmakers penned a letter to the Trump Administration that cited the economic instability of the COVID‑19 pandemic as the basis for a request for regulatory action to prevent financial institutions from diverting their private funds away from the fossil fuel industry. This request comes on the back of political uncertainty over how such investment institutions would treat the fossil fuel industry under federal coronavirus stimulus programs. The investment industry may be finding itself as a new frontier for energy policy and climate change debates.
The US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB) are proceeding with development of proposed rules for on-road heavy-duty vehicle and engine regulation. As previously covered in our blog, US EPA and DOT already issued a final rule in early April rolling back greenhouse gas emission (GHG) standards in the context of light-duty vehicles. In anticipation of forthcoming regulation, we are following regulatory developments proposed for the heavy-duty vehicle and engine sector. Anticipated requirements include more stringent NOx standards, changes to test procedures, requirements for zero-emission vehicles in California, and consideration of advanced technologies.
Federal Clean Trucks Initiative
US EPA issued an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) in January 2020 requesting pre-proposal comments on its Cleaner Trucks Initiative for highway heavy-duty vehicles and engines. Next steps identified at the end of the notice included publishing a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) in 2020 after reviewing comments. In the Fall 2019 Unified Agenda, the agency listed the projected date for the NPRM as June 2020 although there could be delays in publication as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Continue Reading
In April 2017, the UK Joint Committee on Human Rights suggested that it might be appropriate for a “failure to prevent” mechanism, such as the one found in section 7 of the Bribery Act 2010, to be applied to business and human rights. Earlier this year, the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (“BIICL”) published the results of a study that considered the feasibility of introducing such a mechanism in the UK, with reference to the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs). Continue Reading
Recently, in a 6-3 decision in County of Maui v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund (Maui), the United States Supreme Court held that a discharge of pollution to groundwater may be regulated under the Clean Water Act (CWA). The Supreme Court’s review arose from a case involving a wastewater treatment and reclamation facility in Hawaii that injects through disposal wells 4 million gallons per day of partially-treated waste water hundreds of feet deep into groundwater. The wells are located roughly half a mile from the Pacific Ocean, and dye tracer studies revealed the injected wastewater reached the ocean within 84 days. The facility had not obtained a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit under the CWA for its operation of the injection wells Continue Reading
The restrictions during the COVID-19 lockdown, and wider health and safety considerations in relation to the potential spread of the virus, mean that many businesses in the construction sector have had to, or will have to, adapt to new ways of working as the UK comes out of lockdown. Although the plan for coming out of lockdown is currently uncertain, businesses can start to plan for the likely implications that “unlocking the lockdown” will have in connection with health and safety law.
On April 29, 2020, US EPA and the CDC issued guidance on how best to disinfect and clean workplaces, schools, and other public spaces as the US economy begins to re-open during the COVID-19 pandemic. The guidance, mainly directed to employers, facility managers, and public school officials, is part of the larger federal “Guidelines for Opening Up America Again.” However, EPA adds that this particular guidance can be applied to individuals’ households as well. Continue Reading
From April 2022, the UK government is proposing to introduce a new tax on plastic packaging manufactured in, or imported into, the UK and containing less than 30% recycled plastic. Currently, the detailed policy design for the plastics tax is under consultation until 20 May 2020. Join Anita Lloyd and Caroline Almond for the first session in our UK ESH Webinar Series on 6 May 2020 at 2 p.m. BST – register here – as they discuss some of the key points of the proposed new tax regime and explain what will and will not fall within its scope.
On April 26, 2020, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued interim guidance for the US meat and poultry industry. The guidance contains a number of recommendations aimed at stemming transmission among workers in this particularly vulnerable industry, which continues to face plant shutdowns over COVID-19 outbreaks. Although aimed at this critical industry specifically, the structured guidance also contains useful direction to other industries working under parallel conditions—namely close contact between workers and/or workers and the public. Continue Reading