April 2021 Update: frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK and EU Environment, Safety and Health Law, Procedure and Policy

Our Environmental, Safety & Health team is pleased to share with you the latest edition of our monthly newsletter, frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK & EU Environment, Safety and Health Law and Procedure; providing bite-size updates on EU and UK law, procedure and policy.

This month’s edition includes the following:

  • The government has published a consultation on a proposed new Protect Duty closing 2 July 2021.
  • Retailer fined £7.56 million for selling food past its use-by date.
  • Suspended prison sentence imposed for breach of a reporting restrictions order in a criminal trial.
  • High Court entitles private prosecutor to recover expenses incurred prior to commencement of criminal proceedings from central funds.
  • New carbon targets announced.
  • Single-use carrier bag charge increase.
  • The government publishes response on standards for biodegradable, compostable and bio-based plastics.
  • The EA has issued updated guidance and positions on various waste and permitting matters.
  • Use of “rogue trader” leads to enforcement against landowners.
  • EU Commission proposal for a Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD).
  • European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) commences study on chemical recycling.
  • ECHA identifies nearly 300 chemicals for regulatory action.
  • European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) issues guidance to applicants from the plastic sector, including on new transparency requirements.

For more detailed information on these developments, download a copy from our website.  You can also subscribe to ensure that you receive our most recent edition each month.

March 2021 Update: frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK and EU Environment Safety and Health Law Procedure and Policy

Our Environmental, Safety & Health team is pleased to share with you the latest edition of our monthly newsletter, frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK & EU Environment, Safety and Health Law and Procedure; providing bite-size updates on EU and UK law, procedure and policy.

This month’s edition includes the following:

  • The Home Office has published its response to the fire safety consultation for England.
  • Modern slavery – registry launched and guide to powers also published.
  • The Office for Product Safety and Standards (OPSS) has published a call for evidence seeking views on changes to the UK product safety regime.
  • Thames Water fined £2.3 million for foreseeable pollution from sewage discharge.
  • Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) published its Industrial Decarbonisation Strategy.
  • New energy efficiency legislation announced by UK government, and response to eco-design consultation.
  • Government confirmed in consultation response the 2030 date for ending sales of new petrol and diesel cars and vans.
  • DEFRA consults on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) national implementation plan (NIP).
  • BEIS consults on mandatory climate-related financial disclosures by publicly quoted companies, large private companies and limited liability partnerships (LLPs).
  • DEFRA announces second consultations on extended producer responsibility (EPR) for packaging and a deposit return scheme (DRS) for drinks containers.

For more detailed information on these developments, download a copy from our website.  You can also subscribe to ensure that you receive our most recent edition each month.

February 2021 Update: frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK and EU Environment Safety and Health Law Procedure and Policy

Our Environmental, Safety & Health team is pleased to share with you the latest edition of our monthly newsletter, frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK & EU Environment, Safety and Health Law and Procedure; providing bite-size updates on EU and UK law, procedure and policy.

This month’s edition includes the following:

  • COVID-19 route maps published.
  • Consultation issued on proposed amendments to domestic food law.
  • Home Office launches registry for Modern Slavery Act 2015 statements.
  • UK Supreme Court reverses court of appeal decision in Okpabi Nigerian pollution case.
  • The Dasgupta Review calls for changes in how we think, act and measure economic success to protect and enhance biodiversity.
  • The Interim Environmental Governance Secretariat (IEGS) is now open.
  • Draft regulations for UK emissions trading scheme (UKETS) auctioning have been published, and UKETS guidance has been updated.
  • Government circular confirms “nearly zero” energy requirements for new buildings.
  • Recent EA high-profile publications and statements highlight a number of key issues.
  • New UK-only system to apply for RoHS exemptions is launched.
  • A new report on UK Regulation after Brexit. Council serves injunction on illegal waste site in Kent.
  • 25 businesses and chemical industry associations write to government calling for a re-think on post-Brexit chemicals regime.
  • EU Court’s advisor suggests the Commission’s decision refusing to review the authorisation of the plasticiser DEHP (bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate) should be annulled.
  • EU court dismisses appeal regarding the authorisation of lead chromate pigments, confirms burden of proof for REACH authorisations.
  • EU member states further discuss position on chemicals strategy.
  • ECHA committee agrees with new classification of Bisphenol A (BPA).
  • Discussions around the Single-use Plastics Directive continue.

For more detailed information on these developments, download a copy from our website.  You can also subscribe to ensure that you receive our most recent edition each month.

Significant Activity Follows US EPA’s TSCA Asbestos Risk Evaluation

The US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) December 30, 2020 issuance of its risk evaluation for asbestos under Section 6 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) has generatedscience laboratory glassware considerable attention and activity, which will likely keep interested parties and the courts busy for quite some time.

As background, TSCA Section 6 requires EPA to prepare risk evaluations for “high priority” chemical substances that “may present an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment.”   Asbestos was selected as one of the “first ten” substances to undergo risk evaluation, as required by the 2016 TSCA amendments, without consideration of costs or other non-risk factors. Continue Reading

The UK Environment Bill – How Will Air Quality Be Protected?

The Environment Bill, which is completing its passage through the UK parliament, represents the government’s vision of a framework for environmental regulation and governance in the UK post-renewable wind energyBrexit.  The government has promised that the Bill will deliver cleaner air for all, but how will this ambition be achieved and what happens if it is not?  

Find out more as Rob Biddlecombe and Anita Lloyd, from Squire Patton Boggs’ environmental, safety and health practice put the Environment Bill under the microscope in this article for Air Quality News magazine.

 

2021 Women in Energy & Environment Webinar Series

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In January, our four-part 2021 Women in Energy & Environment Webinar Series reached an industry-leading, global audience of more than 450 professionals. The series covered the following key and emerging issues facing the global regulated community today:

  • Embedding Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance Into the New Normal – Returning From the Pandemic
  • Key Regulatory Issues in the UK in Environment and Sustainability: 2021 and Beyond
  • Looking Ahead to 2021: Implications of a Change in Administration on Environmental Policy in the US
  • Key Regulatory Issues in the US in Energy and Environment: 2021 and Beyond

You can access the full benefits of this series via this placemat, which provides links to the recording and presentation materials of each session.  Information for all of the presenters is also available via their hyperlinked bios should you have any questions.

We look forward to seeing you attend future programs as we continue highlighting energy and environmental developments in 2021 and beyond.  We also welcome your feedback.  Please reach out to Christopher Timms with any general questions or comments.

Developments in Mobile Source Regulation: US EPA’s Updated Tampering Policy

The second half of 2020 sped by with all the fleetness of a supercharged truck.  In case you missed it, Squire Patton Boggs has provided a recap of the Agency’s revised tampering policy as well as trends in the broader industry.  Although we expect the new administration to lead to changes in approach to mobile source regulation, the tampering policy is likely to remain in place since it is an integral part of the Agency’s National Compliance Strategy on aftermarket defeat devices.  In 2020, for example, the US EPA reported resolving 31 civil enforcement cases related to tampering and aftermarket defeat devices – “the most for any one year in the agency’s history.”

Looking to the future, several manufacturers in the industry are also planning for a post-diesel market. Recently, seven of the largest truck manufacturers in Europe announced that they would eliminate the use of diesel by 2040 – including, for one manufacturer, the intention to have carbon neutral manufacturing in its North American facilities by approximately 2025.  As manufacturers plan for the future, an expected priority will be to push for unified regulatory standards at the state and federal level, especially as the California Air Resources Board (CARB) advances initiatives and rulemaking designed to reduce emissions from heavy-duty and off-road vehicles and engines.

US EPA Tampering Policy

In late November 2020, US EPA issued a new civil enforcement policy for violations of 42 USC § 7522(a)(3), § 7547(d), and 40 CFR § 1068.101(b)(1)-(2), which address the prohibitions against tampering with vehicle emission control systems and the sale/installation/use of aftermarket defeat devices.  The purpose of the policy is to supersede and replace the long-time US EPA Mobile Source Enforcement Memo 1A from June 1974.  Memo 1A was originally issued to provide guidance and clarity as to the Agency’s plans for enforcing the Clean Air Act tampering prohibition in the context of aftermarket parts.

The foundation of the original policy was that US EPA will exercise enforcement discretion for persons with a documented reasonable basis that the tampering action in question does not adversely affect emissions performance.  This remains consistent in the new policy but with a more detailed description of how one can establish such a reasonable basis across six categories:

  • Identical to Certified Configuration;
  • Emissions Testing for Replacement After-Treatment Systems for Older Vehicles, Engines, and Equipment;
  • New After-Treatment Systems that Decrease Emissions;
  • Emissions Testing;
  • EPA Certification (conduct certified under 40 CFR Part 85, Subpart V); and
  • CARB Certification (Exemptions for emissions-related design elements).

US EPA qualifies the list is meant to be “illustrative and is not exhaustive.” For example, for a replacement part identical to the certified configuration, the Agency directs the part manufacturer should document that the replacement part will perform identically to the OEM part being replaced and have available either (1) documentation the replacement part is identical in all emission-related aspects (i.e.,  engineering drawings) or (2) test results supporting the representation.

The revised policy also provides more clarity on what it does not apply to, additional categories of vehicle and fuel types, and updated technology references. For example, the new policy addresses that modern vehicles and engines are equipped with electronic control units (ECUs) and tampering with such a control system, such as with the use of tuners, could constitute an illegal defeat device and/or tampering.  Parts or components that also change onboard diagnostic (OBD) systems may fall into the category of an illegal defeat device, and a delete kit is provided as an example. However, the Agency explicitly clarifies in the revised policy that its enforcement discretion for documenting a reasonable basis “does not apply, however, to conduct affecting an OBD system, which may be subject to enforcement regardless of effect on emissions.”

While this policy can help provide a basis for aftermarket industry participants to reduce the risk of Agency enforcement, it should be cautioned that many states have their own regulatory systems addressing tampering and defeat devices. The policy cautions that it addresses only the federal Clean Air Act and “[m]any states also have laws prohibiting tampering with in-use vehicles, and some states also prohibit dealers from selling tampered in-use vehicles.” The policy does not affect compliance with such state and local laws, as applicable.

This revised policy is in line with the Agency’s recent focus on tampering initiatives as part of its National Compliance Initiative for aftermarket defeat devices. The Agency’s Air Enforcement Division completed and released a study entitled Tampered Diesel Pickup Trucks: A Review of Aggregated Evidence from EPA Civil Enforcement Investigations.  The report is intended to inform both US EPA and state partners of the impact that tampering has and the results of numerous civil investigations. The report identifies that more than 550,000 diesel trucks have been tampered with in the last decade resulting in an estimated “more than 570,000 tons of excess oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and 5,000 tons of particulate matter (PM).”

CARB

On the state level, California Air Resources Board formally approved its Heavy-Duty Low NOx Omnibus rulemaking during a hearing on August 27, 2020. Squire Patton Boggs previously discussed the proposed rule in this article, and the requirements approved at the August meeting are consistent with the June 2020 proposal.

CARB also issued a draft Mobile Source Strategy in late November 2020. For on-road heavy duty vehicles, CARB highlighted the passage of the Omnibus rulemaking as well as its regulations on zero-emission trucks and buses. CARB explains that “[t]aken together, these requirements ensure lower NOx emissions over a more comprehensive range of vehicle operation.” For off-road vehicles and equipment, CARB identified a list of strategies it may consider to reduce air pollutants and GHG emissions in the sector. One example under consideration includes introduction of “more stringent emission standards such as Tier 5 to reduce emissions from new internal combustion engines, and OBD standards to ensure emissions from those engines” meet expectations through the engine’s useful life. Where feasible, CARB also intends to look for areas to implement zero-emission technologies in the off-road sector.

The opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Firm, its clients, or any of its or their respective affiliates.  This article is for general information purposes and is not intended to be and should not be taken as legal advice.

January 2021 Update: frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK and EU Environment, Safety and Health Law, Procedure and Policy

Our Environmental, Safety & Health team is pleased to share with you the latest edition of our monthly newsletter, frESH Law Horizons: Key Developments in UK & EU Environment, Safety and Health Law and Procedure; providing bite-size updates on EU and UK law, procedure and policy.

This month’s edition includes the following:

  • New regulator for construction products
  • Poundstretcher is fined for allergen labelling offences
  • Modern Slavery recommendations for financial services
  • Possible manslaughter charge following a Smart Motorway death
  • The HSE and DEFRA update their chemicals Brexit guidance
  • EA issues a position statement to allow increased storage of plastic waste following export rule changes
  • President Joe Biden commits the US to re-joining the Paris Agreement
  • Government publications and consultations issued on low-carbon buildings
  • Environment Bill is delayed again
  • UK Government consults on “Best Available Techniques” – A future regime within the UK preventing or minimising impacts on the environment from industry
  • EU Court requires the European Investment Bank (EIB) to review a decision to finance a biomass power generation plant
  • European Chemicals Agency is to revoke at least 2,900 REACH registrations held by UK companies
  • UK company sues the EU over the Single-use Plastics Directive
  • European authorities to check compliance with authorisations and regarding recovered substances
  • European Commission says that half of green claims lack evidence

For more detailed information on these developments, download a copy from our website.  You can also subscribe to ensure that you receive our most recent edition each month.

What Automakers Should Expect From Biden’s DOT

Under the Biden administration, the U.S. Department of Transportation is likely to be more active in setting federal standards for vehicle safety, fuel economy and emissions, and to return to more robust safety enforcement, so automakers should update compliance programs and foster constructive relationships with regulators, write Patricia Doersch and Callan Smith in this January 25, 2021, article for Law360.

President Biden Signs Executive Order on Protecting Worker Health and Safety

White HouseOn Thursday, January 21, President Joe Biden signed an Executive Order that directed the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to issue guidance to employers on protecting workers from COVID-19, including protecting workers from COVID-19 under the Occupational Safety and Health Act and protecting other categories of workers from COVID-19.  In this alert we outline the key provisions of the order.

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